Glossary - P

Glossary - P


Paeonia Albiflora (Peony) Flower Extract

- An antioxidant with anti-inflammatory properties.


Palmaria Palmata Extract

- An antioxidant from the red dulce algae, it has a high polyphenol content which enables it to scavenge free radicals and reduce lipid peroxidation.


Palmitic Acid (aka Hexadecanoic Acid)

- Used as emollients, skin-replenishing, cleansing agents.


Palmitoyl Dipeptide-5 Diaminobutyloyl Hydroxythreonine and Palmitoyl Dipeptide-6 Diaminohydroxybutyrate

- Is a combination of two peptides that interact with the dermal epidermal junction to stimulate collagen, improve epidermal nourishment, reduce wrinkles and increase skin tone and firmness.


Palmitoyl Dipeptide-5 Diaminohydroxybutyrate

- A peptide. See SYN-Tacks.


Palmitoyl Oligopeptide

- Stimulates the synthesis of collagen and Hyaluronic Add in the deep layers of the skin. It also provides mid UV protection that helps protect the skin from sun damage.


Palmitoyl Pentapeptide-3

- A peptide that stimulates collagen synthesis and production.


Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-3

- A peptide that mimics DHEA in the skin. It is a powerful anti-inflammatory that helps speed tissue regeneration resulting in normalization of damaged skin.


Palmitoyl Tripeptide-5

- Is a deep penetrating bioactive peptide that stimulates collagen synthesis and is clinically proven to actively reduce wrinkles. It has powerful skin firming and moisturizing properties and enhances ingredient penetration.



- This anti-inflammatory ingredient is also known as Pro-vitamin B5, which is part of the B-complex group. It is essential in the synthesis of lipids and proteins for promoting wound healing. It is also a deep-penetrating skin moisturizer.
It hydrates, emollient, anti-inflammatory, relieves itching and soothes sunburn, stimulates cellular proliferation and aids in tissue repair. Also improves skin hydration.


Papain (Papaya Protease)

- A digestive enzyme, collected from papaya fruit. Papain hydrolyzes proteins and has a proteolytic capacity (digests proteins). Papain has the ability to digest dead tissue without affecting the surrounding live tissue, and has gained itself the reputation as a “biological scalpel”. Papain contains 212 amino acids and is also rich in malic acid, an alpha hydroxy acid.
It smoothes skin by breaking down proteins, allows for enzymatic peeling, delays hair growth.


Papaver Rhoeas (Red Poppy) Petal Extract

- A plant extract used to calm and moisturize the skin.


Paplactyl D (Cyperus Esculentus Tuber Extract)

- Limits signs of aging and reinforces the structure of the skin by inhibiting glycation and supporting cell regeneration.


Passiflora Incarnata (Passionflower) Flower Extract

- A linoleic acid-rich emollient with anti-inflammatory properties.


Passiflora Incarnata (Passionflower) Fruit Extract

- A linoleic acid-rich emollient with anti-inflammatory properties.


Passiflora Laurifolia (Passionflower) Flower Extract

- Contains flavonoids that are calming to the skin.


Pearl Powder

- Contains essential amino acids, protein and calcium to smooth and soften skin.



- Water-binding fruit enzymes to help retain moisture and soften the skin.


PEG-3 Distearate

- An emulsifying substance, that is put into cosmetics and that is surface-active agents that promote the development of intimate mixtures of immiscible fluids.


PEG-7 Trimethylolpropane Coconut Ether Polyether-1

- An emollient surfactant, foamer and skin conditioner.


PEG-40 Hydrogenated Castor Oil

- Mainly used in perfuming, it can be used as emulsifier, surfactant and solubilizer.


PEG-100 Stearate

- Surfactant, emulsifier, stabilizer, cleansing.


PEG-120 Methyl Glucose Dioleate

- Used in beauty items and cosmetics as a surfactant and emulsifier.


Pelargonium Graveolens (Geranium) Flower Oil

- Antiseptic, astringent, tonic properties help clear skin and heal irritations.


Pentylene Glycol

- Used as a solvent. Skin conditioning properties.


Pepha-Active (Algae Extract)

- A skin energizer based on microalgae. It protects the mitochondria in the cell and increases the ATP-levels leading to cell turnover and an improvement to the skin's complexion.


Persea Gratissima (Avocado) Oil

- Light, non-greasy and penetrates rapidly and deeply into the skin. Well suited for dry skin conditions as well as for wrinkles and sun damaged skin. Rich in vitamins A & D and potassium; often used with other carrier oils to provide increased skin nourishing benefits.



- This semisolid mixture of hydro-carbons obtained from petroleum is used as a therapeutic agent in pharmaceutical products to facilitate wound healing. This unique natural product is an extremely effective moisturizer that helps prevent moisture loss and forms a protective (occlusive) barrier on the skin to help recover from damage, reduce inflammation, and generally heal the skin.
Used as a bland protective dressing, and as a substitute for fatty materials in ointments. Has the ability to place a protective covering over the skin and penetrate the skin to aid in restoring the barrier.


Phenethyl Alcohol (Alpha)

- Neutralizes scent of ingredients.



- A widely used preservative that provides broad-spectrum anti-microbial activity against bacteria yeasts and molds. Benefits skin with protective and healing properties.


Phenyl t-Butylnitrone (Spin Trap)

- Traps and transforms free radicals, preventing oxidative damage in the skin.


Phoenix Dactylifera (Date) Seed

- Natural physical exfoliant used in scrubs.



- Important barrier forming component of skin cell membranes.



- the cumulative detrimental effects (as wrinkles or dark spots) on skin that result from long-term exposure to sunlight and especially ultraviolet light


Phyllanthus Emblica (Amla) Fruit Extract

- Minimizes the appearance of freckles and age spots. Effective antioxidant. Prevents destruction of cells from free radicals.


Phytic Acid

- The natural acidity makes it a perfect addition to peels, where it will provides the necessary acidity, while at the same time preventing the formation of damaging radicals that follows cell disruption caused by the peel. A great natural antioxidant, it has a powerful chelating effect on iron, which when free can wreak havoc on cells.


Phytonadione (Vitamin K)

- Used to prevent the effects of circulatory problems, dark circles, redness and broken capillaries.


Pichia/Resveratrol Ferment Extract

- A non-surgical micro-lifting, anti-inflammatory ingredient that strengthens the dermo-epidermal junction, important in maintaining skin resilience.


Pisum Sativum (Pea) Extract

- Contains vital amino acids and proteins necessary for the production of collagen and elastin. It reinforces the skin's natural defense in fighting free radicals thus preventing new wrinkles


Plumeria Alba Flower Extract

- From fragrant white flowers rich in flavonoids and essential oils. It supports a mild calming effect on stressed, reddened and slightly irritated skin.


Pogostemon Cablin (Patchouli) Essential Oil (Organic)

- Has a cell regeneration action and natural insect repellent, antiseptic, anti-fungal, diuretic, anti-inflammatory, anti-depressant, antibacterial properties. Particularly useful in skin preparations for acne and some forms of eczema. With the skin regenerating action, it is particularly helpful for scar tissue, cracked skin and mature skin.



- An emulsifier that has excellent stability and is very flexible in formulations.


Pollyglyceryl-4 Isosterate

- A lipid, plant-based skin emulsifying agent used to stabilize formulas.


Polyacrylate-1 Crosspolymer

- A thickening agent.



- Increases surface tension in cleansing formula.


Polyethylene Beads

- Designed to offer excellent exfoliating effects which are non-irritating to skin surfaces. The spherical particle shape allows the beads to gently roll across the skin, as opposed to non-spherical particles, which are far more abrasive and can lead to irritation.


Polygonum Cuspidatum (Giant Knotweed) Extract

- Resveratrol. Antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, protects against UVB damage


Polyhydroxystearic Acid

- Foaming and emulsifying agent.



- Binding and film forming agent.


Polysilicone -11

- A conditioning agent.


Polysorbate 20

- Used as an emulsifier and solubizer. The number (20) following Polysorbate indicates the type of fatty acid associated with the polyoxyethylene sorbitan part of the molecule.


Polysorbate 60

- Surfactant and emulsifier.


Polysorbate 80

- Surfactant and emulsifier.


Potassium Cetyl Phosphate

- Surfactant.



- Used as an astringent and as an antioxidant due to the high level of polyphenols. Offers anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory and many other beneficial properties.


Potassium Hydroxide (aka KOH)

- Potassium Hydroxide (aka KOH) is incorporated in cleaners, and it has uses in industry as well as in medical diagnostics. Additionally, it includes a role as a substitute health product.

It features a unique capability to attract water molecules from the atmosphere, and eventually dissolve in to the water it had initially absorbed, balancing the formula without creating excess fat or altering the composition.

Potassium Hydroxide (aka KOH) can be used within the cosmetic and skincare industry like a pH adjuster or bufferer in a multitude of formulas, including bath products, cleansing products, fragrances, feet powders, hair dyes and colours, makeup, nail products, shampoos, shaving products, depilatories, skincare products, and suntan products.

Product with this ingredient:
Murad Rejuvenating AHA Hand Cream


Potassium Sorbate

- A mild preservative. An alternative preservative to parabens.


PPG-15 Stearyl Ether (Polypropylene Glycol-15 Stearyl Ether)

- Acts as lubricants on the skin's surface, which gives the skin a soft and smooth appearance.



- An alcohol-based conditioning agent and surfactant.


Prasterone (DHEA)

- Stimulates collagen production, protects against environmental damage. Antioxidant properties.


Preventhelia (Diaminopropionoyl Tripeptide-33, Caprylyl Glycol)

- A tetrapeptide that fights against the harmful effects of UV radiation. Daily use has shown DNA repair and glycation prevention.



- An amino acid that improves the strength of the cellular wall, builds protein and is essential to collagen production. Improves skin texture, aids in collagen formation and helps contain the loss of collagen during aging.


Progesterone USP 1.7%

- Progesterone USP is naturally produced by the body. Natural phytoestrogens are derived from soy, red clover and fflaxseed and wild yam to control and reduce the effects of hormonal imbalances in the skin.


Propylene Glycol

- Humectant. Emulsifier. Carries active ingredients.



- Enzyme that digests proteins, improving skin texture, exfoliating and contributing to wound healing.


Prunus Cerasus (Bitter Cherry) Extract

- Contains components of proanthocyanidin, trans-resveratrol and high levels of anthocyanins, which possess strong antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.


Prunus Cerasus (Tart Cherry) Extract

= Contains components of proanthocyanidin, trans-resveratrol and high levels of anthocyanins, which possess strong antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.


Prunus Dulcis (Sweet Almond) Oil

- Natural fatty acid emollient that has a high (75%) content of Linoleic Acid which helps increase lipophilic loss.


Prunus Serotina (Wild Cherry) Bark Extract

Particularly rich in scopoletin, which is an anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and antioxidant chemical. Also contains, beneficial chemicals such as kaempferol and quercetin.


Prunus Serrulata Flower (Cherry Blossom) Extract

- Obtained from cherry flowers, it has been proven as an anti-glycation agent with promotion of collagen formation in fibroblasts that leads to anti-ageing.


Psidium Guajava (Guava) Fruit Extract

- Rich in tannins, phenols, triterpenes, flavonoids, essential oils, saponins, carotenoids, lectins, vitamins, fiber and fatty acids. High in Vitamin C and Vitamin A.


Psidium Guajava (Pink Guava) Fruit Puree

- Rich in tannins, phenols, triterpenes, flavonoids, essential oils, saponins, carotenoids, lectins, vitamins, fiber and fatty acids. Higher in Vitamin C than citrus and contains appreciable amounts of Vitamin A.


Punica Granatum (Pomegranate) Bark Extract

- Used as an astringent, as an antioxidant due to the levels of polyphenols, and is reported to have the ability to boost SPF power of sunscreens by more than 20%. Offers cancer preventive, antibacterial, antiviral, anti-inflammatory and many other beneficial properties.


Punica Granatum (Pomegranate) Extract

- Used as an astringent. Chlorogenic acid content provides natural sun protection. Has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, anti-viral and anti-fungal properties.


Propylene Glycol

- A chemical made by the reaction of propylene oxide with water. It acts as an emulsifier and stabilizes ingredients.


Propylene Glycol

- A chemical made by the reaction of propylene oxide with water. It acts as an emulsifier and stabilizes ingredients.


Prunus Amygdalus Dulcis (Sweet Almond) Protein

- Emollient.


Prunus Amygdalus Dulcis (Sweet Almond) Oil

- Rich in oleic acid, provides skin easily-absorbed moisture.


Prunus Amygdalus Dulcis (Sweet Almond) Fruit Extract

- A nutrient-rich moisturizer that benefits dry and chapped skin.



- See Lactobacillus (Pumpkin) Ferment Extract.


Purisoft (Moringa Pterygosperma Seed Oil)

- From a tree native to Africa and India. Contains two peptides which have the capacity to protect skin cells against pollutants and purify the skin by removing the micro-particles that can asphyxiate it.



- Anti-acne, antibacterial, antioxidant.


Pyridoxine HCI (Vitamin B6)

- Facilitates metabolisim of protein and supports manufacture of niacin.


Pyroglutamic Acid (PCA) or PCA (Pyroglutamic Acid)

- Contributes to moisture retention in the skin, softens and improves elasticity.


Pyrus Malus (Apple) Fruit Extract

- Contains anti-inflammatory agents, and helps to prevent the appearance of wrinkles and restore a youthful appearance to the skin. Also helps to combat age-related changes produced by the enzyme elastase, which degenerates elastin, caused by the natural aging process and inflammation.


Pyruvic Acid

- Antioxidant. Transfers to Coenzyme A, which helps in cell energy production.